Latest News

2015 Election Results

Congratulations to President-Elect Rae Silver and Secretary Colin J. Saldanha.
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS for the LEHRMAN, BEACH & YOUNG AWARDS!

Nominations for the Lehrman, Beach, and Young Awards are now being accepted. The deadline for nominations is September 15, 2015.

Welcome from the President

SBN President Cheryl Sisk.

GREETINGS TO ALL SBN MEMBERS!
I am delighted and honored to be your new President. SBN is a wonderful organization that provides significant benefits to its members. I look forward to helping the society meet your interests and needs in science and professional development, and I encourage you to share your ideas about how SBN can best serve you.

—Elizabeth Adkins-Regan

Upcoming Meetings

Become a Member of the SBN

The Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology offers four levels of eligibility for prospective members: Regular, Emeritus, Student, or Associate Memberships.

To see which membership class you qualify for, please review the membership eligibility requirements.

For additional information on SBN and the rules of membership, please see the SBN Bylaws.

join now

Elected Officers

PRESIDENT (2015-2017) Elizabeth Adkins-Regan

PRESIDENT-ELECT (2015-20175) Rae Silver

PAST PRESIDENT (2015-2017) Cheryl Sisk

SECRETARY (2015-2017) Colin John Saldanha

TREASURER (2013-2016) Nancy Forger

view more

Hormones and Behavior

Friday, July 31, 2015
Publication date: September 2015
Source:Hormones and Behavior, Volume 75

Author(s): Adam N. Perry, C. Sue Carter, Bruce S. Cushing

Sex- and species-specific patterns of estrogen receptor (ER)-α expression are established early in development, which may contribute to sexual differentiation of behavior and determine male social organization. The current study investigated the effects of ERα and ERβ activation during the second postnatal week on subsequent alloparental behavior and ERα expression in juvenile prairie voles. Male and female pups were treated daily with 17β-estradiol (E2, ERα/ERβ agonist), PPT (selective ERα agonist), DPN (selective ERβ agonist), or the oil vehicle on postnatal days (PD) 8–14. Alloparental behavior and ERα expression were examined at PD21. PPT treatment inhibited prosocial motivation in males and increased pup-directed aggression in both sexes. E2 and DPN had no apparent effect on behavior in either sex. PPT-treated males had increased ERα expression in the medial preoptic area (MPN), medial amygdala (MEApd) and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BSTpr). DPN treatment also increased ERα expression in males, but only in the BSTpr. Female ERα expression was unaffected by treatment. These results support the hypothesis that ERα activation in early life is associated with less prosocial patterns of central ERα expression and alloparental behavior in males. The lack of an effect of E2 on behavior suggests that ERβ may antagonize the effects of ERα on alloparental behavior. The results in DPN-treated males suggest that ERα in the MEApd, and not the BSTpr, may be a primary determinant of alloparental behavior in males.

Friday, July 31, 2015
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2015
Source:Hormones and Behavior

Author(s): Michelle A. Rensel, Jesse M.S. Ellis, Brigit Harvey, Barney A. Schlinger

Estrogens significantly impact spatial memory function in mammalian species. Songbirds express the estrogen synthetic enzyme aromatase at relatively high levels in the hippocampus and there is evidence from zebra finches that estrogens facilitate performance on spatial learning and/or memory tasks. It is unknown, however, whether estrogens influence hippocampal function in songbirds that naturally exhibit memory-intensive behaviors, such as cache recovery observed in many corvid species. To address this question, we examined the impact of estradiol on spatial memory in non-breeding Western scrub-jays, a species that routinely participates in food caching and retrieval in nature and in captivity. We also asked if there were sex differences in performance or responses to estradiol. Utilizing a combination of an aromatase inhibitor, fadrozole, with estradiol implants, we found that while overall cache recovery rates were unaffected by estradiol, several other indices of spatial memory, including searching efficiency and efficiency to retrieve the first item, were impaired in the presence of estradiol. In addition, males and females differed in some performance measures, although these differences appeared to be a consequence of the nature of the task as neither sex consistently out-performed the other. Overall, our data suggest that a sustained estradiol elevation in a food-caching bird impairs some, but not all, aspects of spatial memory on an innate behavioral task, at times in a sex-specific manner.

Friday, July 31, 2015
Publication date: Available online 29 July 2015
Source:Hormones and Behavior

Author(s): Pauline Yahr

Aromatase, the enzyme that aromatizes androstenedione (A) to estrone and testosterone (T) to estradiol (E), affects androgen control of male sex behavior in many vertebrates. In male monkeys, rats and quail, E mimics the ability of T to promote mating, and aromatase inhibitors block mating induced by T but not E. Aromatase inhibitors include androgens with different A-rings than T and A, e.g., 1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione (ATD), azoles, e.g., fadrozole, and androgens α-halogenated at carbon 6, e.g., 6α-bromoA, 6α-fluoroA and 6α-fluoroT. 6α-FluoroT is the only 6α-halogenated androgen studied in regard to mating. It promotes mating in male rats and quail and was studied, before it was known to inhibit aromatase, because it can not be aromatized yet has the same A-ring as T. 6α-FluoroT might promote mating by binding estrogen receptors (ER) directly, i.e., unassisted, or by metabolism to an androgen that binds ER. Since neither process would require aromatase, this study tested both hypotheses by determining how mating induced in castrated male rats by 6α-fluoroT is affected by ATD and fadrozole. Both aromatase inhibitors inhibited the effects of 6α-fluoroT on mating. Thus, 6α-fluoroT does not promote mating by direct ER binding or metabolism to another androgen. Since aromatase underlies a process in which 6α-fluoroT, unlike most nonaromatizable androgens, mimics T effects on male sex behavior, the process must involve a feature that 6α-fluoroT shares with T but not other nonaromatizable androgens. A-ring structure is a candidate. A hypothesis is also offered for how aromatase may participate without aromatizing the androgen.

learn more